In bariatrics, the entry level indicator of healthy bodyweight is Body Mass Index (BMI).
Is BMI applicable to all people?
How is BMI interpreted for adults? For adults 20 years old and older, BMI is interpreted using standard weight status categories. These categories are the same for men and women of all body types and ages. The standard weight status categories associated with BMI ranges for adults are shown in the following table.
Why is BMI not suitable for everyone?
BMI (body mass index), which is based on the height and weight of a person, is an inaccurate measure of body fat content and does not take into account muscle mass, bone density, overall body composition, and racial and sex differences, say researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania.
Does BMI take into account all body types compositions?
BMI doesn’t account for body composition, which means it misses the difference between muscle mass and fat.
What population is BMI useful for?
BMI is a reasonable indicator of body fat for both adults and children. Because BMI does not measure body fat directly, it should not be used as a diagnostic tool. Instead, BMI should be used as a measure to track weight status in populations and as a screening tool to identify potential weight problems in individuals.
What BMI should I be for my age?
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) : A BMI of less than 18.5 means that a person is underweight. A BMI of between 18.5 and 24.9 is ideal. A BMI of between 25 and 29.9 is overweight.
Why do doctors still use BMI?
Body mass index, or BMI, has been used for over 100 years to help health professionals decide whether a patient is overweight or underweight. It is used in population studies, by doctors, personal trainers, and others.
Is a BMI of 17.5 bad?
The American Dietetic Association (ADA) defines the ideal body mass index (BMI) as between 20 and 25. Thus, anyone below that range would be considered underweight and those with a BMI from 18.5 to 17.5 extremely underweight.
What are the risks of high BMI?
Risks of being overweight (high BMI) and physically inactive
- cardiovascular (heart and blood circulation) disease.
- gallbladder disease.
- high blood pressure (hypertension)
- type 2 diabetes.
- certain types of cancer, such as colon and breast cancer.
- depression and other mental health disorders.
How accurate is BMI for health?
Is it a good indicator of health? Despite concerns that BMI doesn’t accurately identify whether a person is healthy, most studies show that a person’s risk of chronic disease and premature death does increase with a BMI lower than 18.5 (“underweight”) or above 30.0 (“obese”) ( 4 , 5 ).
What does BMI 30 look like?
82.6 / (1.67 x 1.67) = 30
A BMI greater than 40 is considered morbidly obese; between 30-39.9 is considered obese; 25-29.9 is considered overweight; 18.5-24.9 is normal; and less than 18.5 is underweight.
Why do I weigh more than I look?
One easily forgotten reason is that your weight only indicates your body mass index (BMI), not your body composition, which is the amount of muscle versus fat you have on your body. Your body composition makes a huge difference in what you look like even though it can’t be measured by the scale.
What are the disadvantages of BMI?
Since muscle weighs more than fat, BMI isn’t accurate in patients with extreme amounts of muscle. And this can cause unnecessary concern or a faulty sense of security for many adults. For example, a fit person with dense muscle could be categorized as overweight based on BMI.
What is ideal BMI for female?
A BMI of 18.5–24.9 is considered normal or healthy for most women. Even though healthcare professionals can use BMI as a screening tool, they shouldn’t use it as a method to evaluate a person’s body fat levels or health status ( 32 ).
Does age affect BMI?
For adults ages 20 years and older, BMI incorporates weight and height, but it does not take age or sex into account. A woman tends to have more body fat than a man with the same BMI. Likewise, an older person tends to have more body fat than a younger person with an equal BMI.
What is the average BMI for a woman?
The BMI values corresponding to overweight, obesity, and healthy weight are shown in table 1, along with the corresponding ranges of weight in pounds for men and women of average height. In the United States, the average adult man has a BMI of 26.6 and the average adult woman has a BMI of 26.5.