There is a linear correlation between obesity and OSA. In obese people, fat deposits in the upper respiratory tract narrow the airway; there is a decrease in muscle activity in this region, leading to hypoxic and apneic episodes, ultimately resulting in sleep apnea.
How does obesity cause sleep apnea?
Excess body weight contributes to sleep apnea by causing increased pressure on upper airways, leading to collapse and decreased neuromuscular control from the fatty deposits. These fatty deposits contribute to decreased lung volume and make it more difficult to breathe (Young, Skatrud & Peppard, 2013).
Is obesity a risk factor for sleep apnea?
Obesity and particularly central adiposity are potent risk factors for sleep apnea. They can increase pharyngeal collapsibility through mechanical effects on pharyngeal soft tissues and lung volume, and through central nervous system–acting signaling proteins (adipokines) that may affect airway neuromuscular control.
How does obesity cause sleep problems?
There is also evidence to suggest that obesity is associated with increased daytime sleepiness and fatigue8, even in people who sleep through the night undisturbed. Researchers suggest that obesity may change metabolism and/or sleep-wake cycles in such a way that causes sleep quality to deteriorate.
Can you be skinny and have sleep apnea?
Medical conditions that are associated with obesity, such as hypothyroidism and polycystic ovary syndrome, also can cause obstructive sleep apnea. However, not everyone with obstructive sleep apnea is overweight and vice versa. Thin people can develop the disorder, too.
How can I fix sleep apnea naturally?
Sleep apnea lifestyle remedies
- Maintain a healthy weight. Doctors commonly recommend people with sleep apnea to lose weight. …
- Try yoga. Regular exercise can increase your energy level, strengthen your heart, and improve sleep apnea. …
- Alter your sleep position. …
- Use a humidifier. …
- Avoid alcohol and smoking. …
- Use oral appliances.
Does sleep apnea ever go away?
Can Sleep Apnea Go Away? For the most part, sleep apnea is a chronic condition that does not go away. Anatomy tends to remain fixed, especially after adolescence has ended. Therefore, children with sleep apnea may retain hope for the condition being successfully and definitively treated.
Will sleep apnea go away if I lose weight?
If overweight and obese people lose weight, it would make both sleep apnea and other health problems [such as heart disease] go away. Losing just 10% of body weight can have a big effect on sleep apnea symptoms. In some cases, losing a significant amount of weight can even cure the condition.
What BMI puts you at risk for sleep apnea?
More than half of people with obstructive sleep apnea are either overweight (body mass index, or BMI, of 25-29.9) or obese (BMI of 30.0 or above). A 10% weight gain raises your risk of OSA by six times, though the effect goes down after age 60. Another marker of obesity is the size of your neck.
Does sleep apnea cause brain damage?
OSA is a chronic disease that involves repetitive pauses in breathing during sleep. These breathing pauses can prevent your body from supplying enough oxygen to the brain. In severe cases this lack of oxygen can lead to brain damage. Signs of this damage include memory problems, difficulty concentrating, and moodiness.
Is sleep apnea a disability?
The Social Security Administration (SSA) no longer has a disability listing for sleep apnea, but it does have listings for breathing disorders, heart problems, and mental deficits. If you meet the criteria of one of the listings due to your sleep apnea, you would automatically qualify for disability benefits.
How should an obese person sleep?
Reclined. Another way to keep the head raised and air flowing for a better sleep for heavier people is to sleep on the back in a reclined position. This can be done by using a special sleeping recliner chair as a bed or to have an adjustable base that can raise the head as if in a recliner.
What sleep position is best for sleep apnea?
Side sleeping is the preferred position for helping calm your sleep apnea. Sleeping on your right side reduces snoring and encourages blood flow.
How do you fix sleep apnea?
For milder cases of obstructive sleep apnea, your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes:
- Lose weight if you’re overweight.
- Exercise regularly.
- Drink alcohol moderately, if at all, and don’t drink several hours before bedtime.
- Quit smoking.
- Use a nasal decongestant or allergy medications.
- Don’t sleep on your back.
What foods cause sleep apnea?
High-Fat Dairy Items
Just like bananas, unfortunately dairy products with a high fat content can increase your body’s mucus production. Also, weight gain is a leading risk factor of sleep apnea, which can be caused by eating too much high-fat dairy.