Metabolic bone disease can be caused by a number of factors including vitamin D deficiency, hereditary hypophosphatemia, and hyperparathyroidism (over-activation of the parathyroid gland). The most common form of metabolic bone disorder is osteoporosis.
What causes metabolic bone disease?
Metabolic bone diseases are disorders of bone strength usually caused by abnormalities of minerals (such as calcium or phosphorus), vitamin D, bone mass or bone structure, with osteoporosis being the most common.
What are the symptoms of metabolic bone disease?
Typical symptoms of metabolic bone disease include:
- Bowed legs.
- Hard lumps along the legs, spinal column, or jaw.
- Softening and unusual flexibility of the lower jaw.
- Difficulty raising the body off the ground.
- Decreased appetite.
Is metabolic bone disease serious?
Metabolic bone disease (i.e., hepatic osteodystrophy), which may lead to disabling pathologic fractures, is a serious complication of both PBC and PSC. Clinical manifestations include osteopenia, osteoporosis, and fracture.
Can you cure metabolic bone disease?
Treatment and Prognosis
Fortunately, if detected early enough, MBD can often be corrected and reversed through making changes and improvements to the husbandry of the animal by providing the needed or adequate levels of UV-A and UV-B lighting and heating, proper supplementation, and other nutrients.
What doctor treats metabolic bone disease?
Orthopaedic surgeons are doctors trained in the care of patients with musculoskeletal conditions, such as congenital skeletal malformations, bone fractures and infections, and metabolic problems.
Which foods increase bone density?
Good sources of calcium include: milk, cheese and other dairy foods. green leafy vegetables, such as broccoli, cabbage and okra, but not spinach. soya beans.
How do you test for metabolic bone disease?
DIAGNOSIS: Disorders of bone formation are diagnosed by both lab tests and bone density scanning (also known as dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)).
What are the types of metabolic bone disease?
The common metabolic bone diseases (MBD) include osteoporosis, rickets/ osteomalacia, flurosis and primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), while the rare MBDs include Paget’s disease, tumor induced osteomalacia, fibrous dysplasia, osteogenesis imperfecta and so on.
What animals are affected by metabolic bone disease?
Metabolic bone disease (MBD), often seen in herbivorous lizards and chelonians, is associated with a dietary deficiency of Ca, a negative calcium–phosphorus ratio in the diet, or a lack of exposure to ultraviolet UVB radiation (Boyer, 1996a; Barten, 1993). Metabolic bone disease is commonly seen in juvenile reptiles.
Can a turtle recover from MBD?
Recently, during the red bellied-cooter round up, five turtles came to our facility with a fairly advanced case of MBD. They are currently undergoing treatment, but it is highly unlikely that they will all recover enough to be releasable.
Who is the best doctor for osteoporosis?
Rheumatologists treat patients with age-related bone diseases. They can diagnose and treat osteoporosis. Endocrinologists, who see patients with hormone-related issues, also manage the treatment of metabolic disorders such as osteoporosis. Orthopedic surgeons may fix fractures.
Is metabolic bone disease genetic?
Many metabolic bone diseases have a genetic basis, which may be a germline single gene abnormality (i.e. a monogenic or Mendelian disorder), a somatic single gene defect (i.e. a post‐zygotic mosaic disorder), or involve several genetic variants (i.e. oligogenic or polygenic disorders).
Can snakes get metabolic bone disease?
Metabolic bone disease (MBD) is most commonly seen in lizards, turtles, and tortoises, however disease can also be observed in amphibians and snakes.
Can you give a beardie too much calcium?
A common problem seen in pet bearded dragons is inappropriate supplementation with calcium and vitamins (especially vitamin D3) and minerals. Check with your veterinarian for specific recommendations about supplementing your pet’s diet.
Is Osteogenesis Imperfecta a metabolic bone disease?
Mayo’s Pediatric Metabolic Bone Disorders Clinic provides comprehensive and coordinated care for children and teenagers with all types of skeletal diseases, including complex and rare conditions. Examples include: Osteogenesis imperfecta, sometimes called brittle bone disease.