Obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity isn’t just a cosmetic concern. It is a medical problem that increases your risk of other diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and certain cancers.
Is obesity a medical diagnosis?
Doctors measure body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference to screen and diagnose overweight and obesity. Obesity is a serious medical condition that can cause complications such as metabolic syndrome, high blood pressure, atherosclerosis, heart disease, diabetes, high blood cholesterol, cancers and sleep disorders.
What is obesity classified?
If your BMI is less than 18.5, it falls within the underweight range. If your BMI is 18.5 to <25, it falls within the healthy weight range. If your BMI is 25.0 to <30, it falls within the overweight range. If your BMI is 30.0 or higher, it falls within the obesity range.
Is obesity a disease or a choice?
Obesity is a chronic disease. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, obesity affects 42.8% of middle-age adults. Obesity is closely related to several other chronic diseases, including heart disease, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, certain cancers, joint diseases, and more.
Is obesity a chronic health condition?
Obesity is a chronic disease with a multifactorial etiology including genetics, environment, metabolism, lifestyle, and behavioral components.
Is obesity a serious problem?
Obesity is serious because it is associated with poorer mental health outcomes and reduced quality of life. Obesity is also associated with the leading causes of death in the United States and worldwide, including diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and some types of cancer.
Can an obese person be healthy?
So the answer to the question is essentially yes, people with obesity can still be healthy. However, what this study, and prior research, shows us is that obesity even on its own carries a certain cardiovascular risk even in metabolically healthy individuals.
What are the two types of obesity?
Body Mass Index
- Overweight (not obese), if BMI is 25.0 to 29.9.
- Class 1 (low-risk) obesity, if BMI is 30.0 to 34.9.
- Class 2 (moderate-risk) obesity, if BMI is 35.0 to 39.9.
- Class 3 (high-risk) obesity, if BMI is equal to or greater than 40.0.
What is obesity in simple words?
Obesity, also called corpulence or fatness, excessive accumulation of body fat, usually caused by the consumption of more calories than the body can use. The excess calories are then stored as fat, or adipose tissue.
What weight do I need to be to have a BMI of 25?
Charts and online calculators
4 in. tall is considered overweight (BMI is 25 to 29) if she weighs between about 145 and 169 pounds. She is considered obese (BMI is 30 or more) if she is closer to 174 pounds or more. A man who is 5 ft.
Is obesity considered a disability?
The Social Security Administration (SSA) lists obesity as a complex and chronic condition due to excessive body fat. If your body mass index (BMI) is 30 or more, you are considered obese. … If you are obese or morbidly obese, that alone won’t qualify you for disability benefits.
Can obesity be cured?
Experts: Obesity Is Biologically ‘Stamped In,’ Diet and Exercise Won’t Cure It. New research into the biological mechanisms of obesity suggests eating less and exercising more aren’t enough for people with long-term weight problems. The greatest threat to any species has always been starvation.
Why do people get obese?
Obesity is generally caused by eating too much and moving too little. If you consume high amounts of energy, particularly fat and sugars, but do not burn off the energy through exercise and physical activity, much of the surplus energy will be stored by the body as fat.
What chronic diseases does obesity cause?
Some of the many chronic conditions and diseases associated with obesity include:
- insulin resistance.
- high blood pressure.
- cardiovascular disease.
- some cancers including breast, endometrial and colon cancer.
- type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus)
- gall bladder disease.
What are the signs and symptoms of obesity?
Symptoms of Obesity
- Difficulty in sleeping. Obesity is associated with sleep apnoea, which is the cause of daytime drowsiness and insufficient restful sleep.
- Back and/or joint pains.
- Excessive sweating.
- Intolerance to heat.
- Infections in skin folds.
- Feeling of shortness of breath (dyspnoea).
What is a serious chronic medical condition?
Chronic diseases are defined broadly as conditions that last 1 year or more and require ongoing medical attention or limit activities of daily living or both. Chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes are the leading causes of death and disability in the United States.