Childhood obesity is a serious medical condition that affects children and adolescents. It’s particularly troubling because the extra pounds often start children on the path to health problems that were once considered adult problems — diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
Is childhood obesity a chronic disease?
In addition, a disease can be considered as a chronic if it is an illness persisting for a long time or constantly recurring. Thus childhood obesity is not simply a disease; rather it is a chronic disease.
Is obesity considered a disease?
Obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity isn’t just a cosmetic concern. It is a medical problem that increases your risk of other diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and certain cancers.
Why is childhood obesity bad?
More Immediate Health Risks
Children who have obesity are more likely to have: High blood pressure and high cholesterol, which are risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Increased risk of impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. Breathing problems, such as asthma and sleep apnea.
What is childhood obesity defined as?
Obesity is defined as a BMI at or above the 95th percentile for children and teens of the same age and sex. BMI is calculated by dividing a person’s weight in kilograms by the square of height in meters. For children and teens, BMI is age- and sex-specific and is often referred to as BMI-for-age.
Are parents to blame for childhood obesity?
Pointing the finger of blame at parents for children’s weight gain may be unfair, research suggests. It has been thought that parents’ feeding patterns are a major factor in whether a child is under or overweight.
What can obesity lead to?
Consequences of Obesity
- All-causes of death (mortality)
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- High LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, or high levels of triglycerides (Dyslipidemia)
- Type 2 diabetes.
- Coronary heart disease.
- Gallbladder disease.
- Osteoarthritis (a breakdown of cartilage and bone within a joint)
Can obesity be cured?
Experts: Obesity Is Biologically ‘Stamped In,’ Diet and Exercise Won’t Cure It. New research into the biological mechanisms of obesity suggests eating less and exercising more aren’t enough for people with long-term weight problems. The greatest threat to any species has always been starvation.
What is Type 3 obesity?
For an adult, having clinically severe, or class 3, obesity involves having a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or above and a high percentage of body fat. BMI is not a diagnostic tool, but it can indicate the risk of developing various health issues.
Can obesity run in the family?
Obesity can run in families — not because of genetics, but because of habits and environment, she says. More than a third of adults in the United States are obese, Moustaid-Moussa says.
What is the main cause of child obesity?
Lifestyle issues — too little activity and too many calories from food and drinks — are the main contributors to childhood obesity. But genetic and hormonal factors might play a role as well.
Who is most at risk for childhood obesity?
Children at risk of becoming overweight or obese include children who:
- have a lack of information about sound approaches to nutrition.
- have a lack of access, availability and affordability to healthy foods.
- have a genetic disease or hormone disorder such as Prader-Willi syndrome or Cushing’s syndrome.
What can cause rapid weight gain in a child?
What are the causes of Pediatric and Adolescent Abnormal Weight Gain?
- Asthma and allergies – Breathing difficulties can make it harder for children to be active, leading to weight gain.
- Cushing syndrome – Occurs when the body produces too much of the hormone cortisol.
What is overweight for a 7 year old?
For example, a 7-year-old boy who is 3 feet 11 inches (119 cm) tall would have to weigh at least 56.9 pounds (25.8 kg) ( BMI = 17.9) to be considered overweight, and a 13-year-old girl who is 5 feet, 3 inches (160 cm) tall would be considered obese if she weighed 161 pounds (73 kg) ( BMI = 28.5).
What is obesity for a 15 year old?
BMI is often used to define obesity in teens. It has 2 categories: BMI at the 95th percentile or more for age and gender, or BMI of more than 30, whichever is smaller. BMI findings in this category mean the child should have a full health checkup.
How common is child obesity?
For children and adolescents aged 2-19 years in 2017-20181: The prevalence of obesity was 19.3% and affected about 14.4 million children and adolescents. Obesity prevalence was 13.4% among 2- to 5-year-olds, 20.3% among 6- to 11-year-olds, and 21.2% among 12- to 19-year-olds.