It is primarily reptiles that have metabolic bone disease when they come to see a veterinarian. The most common species that we see that have metabolic bone disease are bearded dragons and leopard geckos, but any reptile can have the problem.
What animals are affected by metabolic bone disease?
Metabolic bone disease (MBD), often seen in herbivorous lizards and chelonians, is associated with a dietary deficiency of Ca, a negative calcium–phosphorus ratio in the diet, or a lack of exposure to ultraviolet UVB radiation (Boyer, 1996a; Barten, 1993). Metabolic bone disease is commonly seen in juvenile reptiles.
Can snakes get metabolic bone disease?
Metabolic bone disease (MBD) is most commonly seen in lizards, turtles, and tortoises, however disease can also be observed in amphibians and snakes.
What reptiles get metabolic bone disease?
Metabolic Bone Disease (MBD) is a name given to a group of conditions that are unfortunately widespread in the reptile trade. MBD primarily affects the bone structure, often weakening it, making it prone to fractures and breaks. MBD most commonly occurs in lizards and chelonians but can affect snakes too.
Can birds get metabolic bone disease?
Metabolic bone disease in birds results in painful degenerative changes in the bones that result from nutritional imbalance and deficiencies. Imbalance of calcium, phosphorus, and Vitamin D3 can lead to soft or brittle beaks, claws and keel, bone fractures and enlarged parathyroid glands.
Can metabolic bone disease be cured?
Treatment and Prognosis
Fortunately, if detected early enough, MBD can often be corrected and reversed through making changes and improvements to the husbandry of the animal by providing the needed or adequate levels of UV-A and UV-B lighting and heating, proper supplementation, and other nutrients.
What are symptoms of metabolic bone disease?
Typical symptoms of metabolic bone disease include:
- Bowed legs.
- Hard lumps along the legs, spinal column, or jaw.
- Softening and unusual flexibility of the lower jaw.
- Difficulty raising the body off the ground.
- Decreased appetite.
Can humans get metabolic bone disease?
Conditions We Treat: Metabolic Bone, Calcium and Parathyroid Disorders. Metabolic bone diseases are disorders of bone strength usually caused by abnormalities of minerals (such as calcium or phosphorus), vitamin D, bone mass or bone structure, with osteoporosis being the most common.
Can a turtle recover from MBD?
Recently, during the red bellied-cooter round up, five turtles came to our facility with a fairly advanced case of MBD. They are currently undergoing treatment, but it is highly unlikely that they will all recover enough to be releasable.
What do I do if my bearded dragon has metabolic bone disease?
Metabolic bone disease usually requires immediate oral calcium supplementation, rehydration with fluids, nutritional support, treatment with injectable vitamin D3, and injections of calcitonin (a drug which helps re-deposit calcium back into bearded dragons’ bones).
What are the metabolic bone diseases?
The common metabolic bone diseases (MBD) include osteoporosis, rickets/ osteomalacia, flurosis and primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), while the rare MBDs include Paget’s disease, tumor induced osteomalacia, fibrous dysplasia, osteogenesis imperfecta and so on.
How do I stop my bearded dragon from getting MBD?
Ensure your dragon is getting enough calcium by feeding it plenty of green leafy vegetables. Spring greens, lamb’s lettuce and Timothy Hay are particularly good sources. Avoid spinach, which can actually block the uptake of calcium.
How do I know if my chameleon has MBD?
Symptoms. A panther chameleon with severe metabolic bone disease: Several ribs and spine fractures, deformed arms and legs. Chameleons with a severe metabolic bone disease have strongly bent limbs. The lower jaw and helmet are so soft you can bend it like rubber, that is why it is often called “rubber jaw”.
Is rickets the same as metabolic bone disease?
Metabolic bone disease, any of several diseases that cause various abnormalities or deformities of bone. Examples of metabolic bone diseases include osteoporosis, rickets, osteomalacia, osteogenesis imperfecta, marble bone disease (osteopetrosis), Paget disease of bone, and fibrous dysplasia.
Do birds need vitamin D?
The vitamin is then resorbed back into the body to supply the birds’ vitamin D requirement. Vitamin D deficiency is extremely rare in birds housed in outdoor aviaries, however birds kept indoors or in shaded flights and fed on a plant or seed based diet alone may require added dietary Vitamin D3.
Is Phosphorus good for birds?
Nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism can occur in young and older pet birds. Because the calcium to phosphorus ratio in most seeds is poor (high phosphorus and low calcium), birds on a seed diet become seriously depleted.