What are the metabolic changes associated with pregnancy? Maternal production of insulin increases during the first trimester. Fasting blood glucose levels will decrease during the first trimester. The patient’s tolerance to glucose increases in the second trimester.
What are the metabolic changes associated with pregnancy?
Total triglyceride concentrations increase 2 to 4-fold and total cholesterol concentrations increase 25% to 50% during normal human pregnancy. Furthermore, there is a 50% increase in LDL cholesterol and a 30% increase in HDL cholesterol by mid-gestation, followed by a slight decrease in HDL at term.
Which client condition would the nurse relate to hypoglycemia in a diabetic client?
Hyperglycemia causes nausea and vomiting. The client with hypoglycemia experiences hunger.
Which tests does the nurse evaluate to determine the health status of a patient with diabetes in the first few weeks Select all that apply?
The glucose challenge test or the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) are used to check for gestational diabetes, usually between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy. If you had gestational diabetes, you should be tested for diabetes no later than 12 weeks after your baby is born.
What does the nurse recommend to a pregnant patient with diabetes who works long irregular hours quizlet?
What does the nurse recommend to a pregnant patient with diabetes who works long, irregular hours? “Keep fruits or fruit juice available.” A pregnant woman with type 1 diabetes is on rapid-acting, short-acting, and intermediate-acting insulin injections.
What factors increase the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus?
Although any woman can develop GDM during pregnancy, some of the factors that may increase the risk include the following: Overweight or obesity. Family history of diabetes. Having given birth previously to an infant weighing greater than 9 pounds.
What are metabolic changes?
Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of conditions that occur together, increasing your risk of heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. These conditions include increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels.
What labs are significantly important for the nurse to monitor in a diabetic patient?
Tests for Diagnosing Prediabetes and Diabetes
- HbA1C (A1C or glycosylated hemoglobin test) The A1C test can diagnose prediabetes and diabetes. …
- Fasting Plasma Glucose Test. …
- Oral Glucose Tolerance Test. …
- HbA1C. …
- Home monitoring.
Why is it important for nurses to encourage glucose self monitoring in diabetics?
Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) should be part of a regular management plan for patients with diabetes. Self-monitoring of blood glucose provides information regarding an individual’s dynamic blood glucose profile. This information can help with the appropriate scheduling of food, activity, and medication.
What is a diabetes specialist nurse?
Diabetes Specialist Nurses (DSNs) are crucial in providing good patient care and promoting self-care management. DSNs work wholly in diabetes care and may be employed in a variety of care settings. A DSN is often the first point of contact for people, referring them to other specialist services.
Which condition does the nurse expect to find in the medical record of a pregnant patient with diabetes mellitus quizlet?
The prenatal medical record for a pregnant patient with diabetes states that amniotic fluid phosphatidylglycerol is greater than 3%.
Which conditions are common in infants born to mothers with diabetes mellitus?
The following problems may happen to your baby after he or she is born:
- Large size (macrosomia). …
- Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
- Low blood calcium.
- Low blood iron.
- High levels of red blood cells and thickened blood.
- High levels of bilirubin from the breakdown of red blood cells.
- Birth defects. …
- Premature birth.
Which of the following is the best way Gestational diabetes can be prevented?
Prevention. Before you get pregnant, you may be able to prevent gestational diabetes by losing weight if you’re overweight and getting regular physical activity. Don’t try to lose weight if you’re already pregnant. You’ll need to gain some weight—but not too quickly—for your baby to be healthy.
What does the nurse tell a patient with gestational diabetes about the prescribed Nonstress test quizlet?
What does the nurse tell a patient with gestational diabetes about the prescribed nonstress test (NST)? … The test helps detect the effect of insulin and glucose levels on the fetus. Ultrasound examinations are used to determine fetal weight and detect congenital anomalies.
Which condition is the fetus at risk for if the mother has poor glycemic control later in pregnancy?
Stillbirth (fetal death).
The risk of stillbirth goes up in women with poor blood glucose control and with blood vessel changes.
Which treatment does the nurse expect the primary health care provider to prescribe for a child with primary hyperparathyroidism?
Which treatment does the nurse expect the primary health care provider to prescribe for a child with primary hyperparathyroidism? rational: The treatment for a child with primary hyperparathyroidism is the surgical removal of the hyperplastic tissue.