b. Glycolysis is considered to be an ancient metabolic process because it does not require oxygen. … Glycolysis is considered to be an ancient metabolic system because it is the most efficient metabolic pathway for ATP synthesis.
What evidence supports the claim that glycolysis is an ancient metabolic process?
Describe the evidence that suggests that glycolysis is an ancient metabolic pathway. It occurs, with variations, in nearly all organisms, both aerobic and anaerobic. The wide occurrence of glycolysis indicates that it is one of the most ancient known metabolic pathways.  It occurs in the cytosol of the cell.
Why is glycolysis considered to be one of the first metabolic pathways to have evolved Why is glycolysis considered to be one of the first metabolic pathways to have evolved?
Why is glycolysis considered to be one of the first metabolic pathways to have evolved? … It relies on chemiosmosis, which is a metabolic mechanism present only in the first cells’ prokaryotic cells. e. It requires the presence of membrane-enclosed cell organelles found only in eukaryotic cells.
Why is glycolysis considered to be the oldest stage of cellular respiration select all that apply?
The chemical reactions of glycolysis occur without oxygen in the cytosol of the cell (see figure below). … The first stage, glycolysis, produces ATP without oxygen. Because this part of the cellular respiration pathway is universal, biologists consider it the oldest segment.
Why is glycolysis considered the most primitive energy converting process?
Because glycolysis is universal, whereas aerobic (oxygen-requiring) cellular respiration is not, most biologists consider it to be the most fundamental and primitive pathway for making ATP. … The chemical reactions of glycolysis occur without oxygen in the cytosol of the cell (Figure below).
Which kind of metabolic poison would interfere with glycolysis?
Question 4 (5 points) Based on what you have learned about glycolysis, which kind of poison would most likely directly interfere with glycolysis? Question 4 options: A poison that reacts with oxygen and depletes its concentration in the cell. A poison that closely mimics the structure of glucose but is not metabolized.
What is the reactant in the glycolysis step?
Glucose is the reactant; while ATP and NADH are the products of the Glycolysis reaction.
Why was glycolysis most likely the first complicated metabolic pathway to evolve?
Why is glycolysis considered by evolutionary theory to be one of the first metabolic pathways to have evolved? It does not involve organelles or specialized structures, does not require oxygen, and is present in most organisms.
How is glycolysis considered a metabolic pathway?
Glycolysis is a linear metabolic pathway of enzyme-catalyzed reactions that convert glucose into two molecules of pyruvate in the presence of oxygen or into two molecules of lactate in the absence of oxygen. … In the absence of oxygen, glycolysis is the only option that cells have for the production of ATP from glucose.
Which metabolic pathway is common to both fermentation?
So, the correct answer is Glycolysis.
What is the 3 carbon product of glycolysis called?
Glycolysis, as the name suggests, is the process of lysing glucose into pyruvate. Since glucose is a six-carbon molecule and pyruvate is a three-carbon molecule, two molecules of pyruvate are produced for each molecule of glucose that enters glycolysis.
What process is common to all living cells?
Living things grow and change through the process of cell division, or mitosis. In organisms composed of more than one cell, mitosis either repairs damaged cells or replace older ones that have died. Additionally, multicellular organisms grow larger in size by increasing the number of cells in their bodies.
What is the end product of glycolysis?
The final product of glycolysis is pyruvate in aerobic settings and lactate in anaerobic conditions. Pyruvate enters the Krebs cycle for further energy production.
What does it mean that glycolysis is highly conserved?
Unlike most of the molecules of ATP produced via aerobic respiration, those of glycolysis are produced by substrate-level phosphorylation. … This is consistent with the fact that glycolysis is highly conserved in evolution, being common to nearly all living organisms.
What is the main transformation that occurs during glycolysis?
What is the main transformation during glycolysis? Glycolysis produces pyruvate, ATP, and NADPH by oxidizing glucose. During cellular respiration, glucose combines with oxygen to form carbon dioxide, water, and ATP.
Why can’t phosphorylated glucose leave the cell?
First Half of Glycolysis (Energy-Requiring Steps)
This reaction prevents the phosphorylated glucose molecule from continuing to interact with the GLUT proteins, and it can no longer leave the cell because the negatively charged phosphate will not allow it to cross the hydrophobic interior of the plasma membrane.