Obesity is one of the most frequent modifiable risk factors for stillbirth in high-resource regions [3, 6], with a linearly increased risk of stillbirth with rising maternal body mass index (BMI) .
What increases the risk of stillbirth?
being over 35 years of age. smoking, drinking alcohol or misusing drugs while pregnant. being obese – having a body mass index above 30. having a pre-existing physical health condition, such as epilepsy.
What are the main causes of stillbirth?
The cause is not always known (1/3 of stillbirths cannot be explained), but the most likely causes include:
- Problems with the placenta and/or the umbilical cord. …
- Preeclampsia. …
- Lupus. …
- Clotting disorders. …
- The mother’s medical conditions. …
- Lifestyle choices. …
- Birth defects. …
Can an obese woman have a natural birth?
Labour and birth complications: women who are overweight or obese are more likely to have induction of labour and longer labours. They have a higher chance of needing birth interventions, including caesareans , and a higher chance of birth complications like shoulder dystocia.
Can overweight cause problems in pregnancy?
Having a high BMI during pregnancy increases the risk of various pregnancy complications, including: The risk of miscarriage, stillbirth and recurrent miscarriage. Gestational diabetes.
When is risk of stillbirth highest?
Overall, pregnancies that continued 41 weeks or longer had the greatest risk of stillbirths and newborn fatalities within the first 28 days of life. From weeks 40 to 41, the risk of stillbirths increased 64% compared with delivery at 37 weeks’ gestation, the study found.
How can I avoid stillbirth?
Reducing the risk of stillbirth
- Go to all your antenatal appointments. It’s important not to miss any of your antenatal appointments. …
- Eat healthily and keep active. …
- Stop smoking. …
- Avoid alcohol in pregnancy. …
- Go to sleep on your side. …
- Tell your midwife about any drug use. …
- Have the flu jab. …
- Avoid people who are ill.
What are the signs of having a stillborn?
What are the symptoms of stillbirth?
- Stopping of fetal movement and kicks.
- Spotting or bleeding.
- No fetal heartbeat heard with stethoscope or Doppler.
- No fetal movement or heartbeat seen on ultrasound, which makes the definitive diagnosis that a baby is stillborn. Other symptoms may or may not be linked to stillbirth.
What are the symptoms if baby dies in womb?
The most common symptom of stillbirth is when you stop feeling your baby moving and kicking. Others include cramps, pain or bleeding from the vagina. Call your health care provider right away or go to the emergency room if you have any of these conditions.
What is the difference between intrauterine death and stillbirth?
The Perinatal Mortality Surveillance Report (CEMACH)3 defined stillbirth as ‘a baby delivered with no signs of life known to have died after 24 completed weeks of pregnancy’. Intrauterine fetal death refers to babies with no signs of life in utero.
Can a 300 pound woman get pregnant?
(That goes for men, too, since a recent French study showed their excess poundage contributed to low sperm production.) The good news is that 70% of these women will get pregnant naturally after they lose or gain enough weight to get closer to a healthier BMI.
Can obesity cause miscarriage?
CONCLUSIONS: Obesity is associated with increased risk of first trimester and recurrent miscarriage.
Can you squish a pregnant belly?
“Gentle pushing on your belly as it gets bigger is fine,” says Dr. Michele Hakakha. “Hard jabs, kicks, or punches can be dangerous, particularly as you get farther along in your pregnancy.”