Obesity is a controversial risk factor for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). A link between obesity and RA is plausible, since biologic mechanisms of inflammation are present in adipose tissue, and these may be linked to chronic systemic inflammation (1).
Does obesity increase the risk of arthritis?
Obesity can raise the risk of getting certain types of arthritis and it makes every type of arthritis harder to manage. But losing even a little weight can have a huge impact on physical and mental health.
Is obesity a risk factor for osteoarthritis?
Obesity is the greatest modifiable risk factor for OA4,5,6. Coggon et al7 reported that subjects with a BMI>30 kg/m2 were 6.8 times more likely to develop knee OA than normal-weight controls.
Why is obesity a risk factor for OA?
Joint Pain is Strongly Associated with Body Weight
It is unclear exactly how excess weight influences OA. Clearly, being overweight increases the load placed on the joints such as the knee, which increases stress and could possibly hasten the breakdown of cartilage.
Can obesity cause rheumatoid arthritis?
How Fat Affects Rheumatoid Arthritis. Being overweight can worsen rheumatoid arthritis (RA) symptoms, make medications less effective and set you up for other health problems. About two-thirds of people with RA are overweight or obese – the same proportion as in the general population.
How obesity causes arthritis?
Excess weight puts added stress on joints, particularly knees, causing pain and worsening arthritis damage. “Being just 10 pounds overweight increases the force on your knees by 30 to 40 pounds with every step you take,” says Kevin Fontaine, PhD, assistant professor of rheumatology at Johns Hopkins University.
Can losing weight help arthritis?
Weight loss eases arthritis pain and improves the quality of life of adults living with arthritis, especially if they are overweight or have obesity. More than 54 million US adults have arthritis.
How is obesity associated with osteoarthritis?
Obesity and Osteoarthritis in Humans
Obesity is associated with changes in local biomechanical factors that impair joint stability, shift load bearing to less frequently loaded regions, and increase loading magnitude in these regions that eventually develop OA.
Can osteoarthritis cause weight gain?
Arthritis may cause a decreased ability to exercise or even walk. The lack of activity doesn’t only limit your enjoyment of life — it can cause weight gain. Extra weight may exacerbate OA symptoms, as well as lead to an increased risk of other complications, including: diabetes.
Can losing weight help with osteoarthritis?
Weight loss can prevent onset of osteoarthritis, relieve symptoms, improve function and increase quality of life. Results from the Framingham study have demonstrated that weight loss reduces the risk for OA in women.
Does obesity cause bone spurs?
Bone spurs are extra bone growths that are prone to appear in feet. Bone spurs may develop from an injury to the foot, ill-fitting shoes, or even obesity. Sometimes, bone spurs are a result of osteoarthritis. What causes the growths is the deteriorating cartilage between bones.
What does obesity do to your joints?
Obesity frequently contributes to soft tissue damage and osteoarthritis—a progressive wear- and-tear disease of the joints. The impact of obesity is especially felt in osteoarthritis of the hip and knee joints. Every pound of body weight places four to six pounds of pressure on each knee joint.
How can I prevent arthritis?
How to reduce your risk of arthritis
- Stay at a healthy weight. Extra pounds put pressure on weight-bearing joints like hips and knees. …
- Control your blood sugar. …
- Exercise. …
- Stretch. …
- Avoid injury. …
- Quit smoking. …
- Eat fish twice a week. …
- Get routine preventive care.
Why am I gaining weight with rheumatoid arthritis?
Having rheumatoid arthritis (RA) does not directly cause people to be overweight. However, people with RA may struggle to maintain a healthy weight or lose unwanted weight because they find it difficult to exercise to burn calories due to joint pain and fatigue.
Is it hard to lose weight with rheumatoid arthritis?
Here’s the tricky part: Though weight loss can help reduce the pain of rheumatoid arthritis, dieting can be very difficult. This is especially true if you’re taking corticosteroids to ease your pain, because a side effect of these drugs can be increased appetite.
How does obesity cause inflammation?
When the immune defense system is impaired, the body is unable to defend itself through inflammation. Overeating increases the immune response. This increased immune response causes the body to generate excessive inflammation, which may lead to a number of chronic diseases.